By testing these drugs on animals, they are able to determine how the body as a whole will respond to the drug as opposed to just a small portion of tissue used in vitro Kehinde, It was found to have an inhibitory effect on morning sickness, and hence, thousands of pregnant women took the drug to relieve their symptoms.
We will write a custom essay sample on Animal Experimentation: Animal rights groups like PETA operate under the conviction that all animals have equal rights to humans and should be treated as such. Animal cognitionPain in animalsPain in fishPain in amphibiansPain in invertebratesand Pain in cephalopods Prior to dissection for educational purposes, chloroform was administered to this common sand frog to induce anesthesia and death.
Amphibians and fish may be immersed in water containing an anesthetic such as tricaine. One of the greatest recent discoveries was the vaccination for Polio disease, which was made possible due to animal research.
Many say that there should be an alternative to finding cures other than testing on innocent animals, but what are the alternatives?
But, if a latent side effect were to occur after the clinical trial in 1 out of 10, patients, the drug would already be on the market and would have affected countless individuals Kehinde,p.
We will write a custom essay sample on Animal Experimentation: However, there is a great deal of evidence to the contrary. They argue that animal use in any capacity that benefits humans is unethical and thus should be eliminated. In the midst of this devastating period of history, there was a beacon of hope: We will utilize celebrity endorsement and media campaigns The necessity of animal experimentation spread knowledge about the conditions that animals used in research are living in.
Fourteen states explicitly prohibit the practice, while the remainder either allow it or have no relevant legislation. These studies are particularly powerful since the basic controls of development, such as the homeobox genes, have similar functions in organisms as diverse as fruit flies and man.
Animal testing on non-human primates Non-human primates NHPs are used in toxicology tests, studies of AIDS and hepatitis, studies of neurologybehavior and cognition, reproduction, geneticsand xenotransplantation. Scientists are often motivated to maintain high standards of welfare because failure to do so could put the animals in a state of extreme stress.
Since drug testing is essential among the United States citizens, discontinued testing for cures concerning deadly diseases and abnormalities such as cancer would create an epidemic.
While their stance comes from a commendable place of compassion for animals, it often becomes problematic when put into play in the real world. Ibn Zuhr Avenzoaran Arab physician in twelfth century Moorish Spain, introduced animal testing as an experimental method for testing surgical procedures before applying them to human patients.
Those opposed to animal testing object that pure research may have little or no practical purpose, but researchers argue that it forms the necessary basis for the development of applied research, rendering the distinction between pure and applied research—research that has a specific practical aim—unclear.
This is a serious safety concern. Without the animal models used here, this major advancement and benefit to society would not have been possible. This benefit to animals is true of most medical advances that involve animal testing.
Most laboratories breed and raise flies and worms themselves, using strains and mutants supplied from a few main stock centers. American Veterinary Medical Association. National Academies Press, Retrieved from: But if animals were not used for experimentation, there would be no medical advancements.
Researchers soon discovered that parvovirus was very similar to feline leukemia seen in cats. The authors claim that the use of mice in research has had a major impact on the understanding of cancer immunology and in the development of currently available cancer immunotherapies.Bernard established animal experimentation as part of the standard scientific method.
Drug testing using animals became important in the twentieth century. Ina pharmaceutical company in the USA created a preparation of sulfanilamide, using diethylene glycol (DEG) as a solvent, and called the preparation ‘Elixir Sulfanilamide’. Feb 14, · The 'Necessity' Of Animal Research Does Not Mean It's Ethical: Cosmos And Culture Whether you think animal research is justified or not, we should all want to expand the options for.
The Necessity of Animal Testing Essay; The Necessity of Animal Testing Essay. Words 4 Pages.
Show More. The roots of animal experimentation began in the early s when the world expressed in interests on the functions of animals and their uses in human life. However, it wasn’t until the incident regarding the drug thalidomide in The use of animal experimentation dates back to the time of the Ancient Greece, where philosophers and scientists such as Aristotle used animal models to better understand the anatomy and biology of a living organism (Hajar, ).
Animal Experimentation: a Necessity BY shark Animal Experimentation: A Necessity “Since more than 1. 4 million mammals other than rats and mice were used in research, and since mice and rats probably make up 90% of the animals in labs, we can guess that about 14 million rats and mice were used in research in ” (“1 1 Facts.
Animal testing, science, medicine, animal welfare, animal rights, ethics Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.Download