By embracing Confucian political ideas, the Han established a government that created a careful balance that both allowed emperors to exercise their own power and that empowered officials freedom to carry out their duties, and even to criticize government and impeach corrupt superiors.
As the Christianity spread throughout the Roman Empire, officials tried to eliminate it. To encourage small independent farms, the state systematically distributed land to individual families in return for tax and service in the infantry, which replaced chariots on the battlefield.
Their political power was mostly held by aristocrats, but the Roman senatorial aristocracy and the Chinese feudal aristocracy differed in characters.
The difference between the Han dynasty and the Roman empire is the Romans taxed everyone equally as the Hans taxed people according to class. Legalists also built up bureaucratic offices for efficient management and rules for secure delegation of power.
Both the Romans and the Hans believed that divinity resided within nature rather than outside and above it. The legalist thought believed at least in theory that everyone was equal under the emperor.
Naturalis Historia A rich nobleman, even though he may been born well, can by his acts be called shameful. One key difference from the Han was an extensive institution of slavery, in which slave laborers were used in large numbers to produce goods .
A comparison of empires The Roman Empire is thought to be the primary foundation of Western culture and modes of government. The development of an effective civilian bureaucracy before the scale of wars escalated in the late-warring states period partly explained why, unlike the Roman world, prolonged and intense warfare did not breed an army that went beyond government control to the benefit of military dynasts.
They created laws banning Christianity with the consequence being the cruel punishments or death. In the Roman Empire, there were laws that were created specifically for women, that restricted their rights.
Marrying Chinese women to barbarian tribes was one kind of diplomacy which made it into poetry: All ministries were hereditary, many held their own fiefs, and most were relatives to the ruler.
Every significant Roman town had public entertainment facilities such as theaters and amphitheaters, the most famous of which was the Colosseum in Rome. Chinese civilization survives to the present time, while Roman civilization merged into the larger medieval European culture which adopted, amongst others, Christian faith, the Latin language and alphabet and Roman Law.
The more than a thousand fully independent tiny states were descendants of fiefdoms erected in the eleventh century BCE by the king of Zhou. The barbarian invasions had devastated the Empire; the population of Italy and other areas of Europe plummeted.
However, the Chinese government was headed by a special aristocratic class, while in Rome the power was shared by the military, senate, and the citizens. The Great Armies of Antiquity. Conscious of their contributions, the commons demanded a larger say in public affairs.
Their societies were both patriarchic, conservative and stratified. As taxes increased, the poor were unable to pay them. However, political comparisons by Adshead have received negative response from Chinese history experts; citing his lack of use of Chinese sources, poor support of his arguments and an eagerness to take poorly supported points as facts.
The hereditary ministers owed loyalty to their lord only, not to the king. Merchants were also a class, but they were subject to controls by the state and often forced to partner with the state, who also took monopolies in salt, steel and wine, further restricting merchants.
In Rome, this affected trade by making the tax on good go up, creating inflation. Both the Roman and Han empires flourished and had a very successful reign. These policies, together with the social unrest caused by the extravagance of the Jin officials and the infighting of the Jin royal family, soon lead to the collapse of the Jin.
Science and Civilisation in China: Wealthy men often bankrolled artists. Greek and Roman Architecture, 2nd edn. Roman society was a relatively hierarchical society.
Growing population and prosperity increased social complexity. They draw on analytical and illustrative comparisons. A peculiar feature of the republican constitution was its wealth-based politics. Needless to say all plans failed and Christianity continued to spread further fracturing the once powerful empire.
Many institutions were set up to settle legal disputes, and Roman law appeared in every town governed by the empire.Han Dynasty vs Roman Empire: A Comparison PRECONDITIONS IDEOLOGY Similarities STATE BUILDING AND CHARACTERISTICS religion of the deities and late of Christianity allowed people to identify with their government that followed that religion.
The Han Dynasty: Ideologies Rome fell. The Han conquered all the. Han Dynasty China and Imperial Rome, BCE– CE. Religion and Omens Under the Han emperor Wu, Confucianism slowly took on religious overtones with Confucius possessing aspects of divinity.
Religion linked scholars and officials to the peasantry. The Xiongnu, the Yuezhi, and the Han Dynasty The most serious military threat to the. Comparison between Roman and Han Empires. From Wikiversity. Jump to navigation Jump to search.
Political Map of the Eastern Hemisphere in AD. The Roman Empire and Han Dynasty were both powerful influential forces in their heyday. Religion. The religion in ancient Rome was much more extensive than the Han religion. Roman Empire vs.
Han Dynasty Compare and Contrast Essay. Topics: Roman Empire, Han and Roman DBQ The Han Empire and Imperial Rome had their own unique view on different aspects of life. They based their views on different things such as their culture and past experiences.
Religion Essay; Film Essay. Fall of Roman and Han Empires The Roman and Han Empires were among the greatest empires in the history of the World.
Compare and Contrast Essay on the Fall of the Roman and Han Empires. Both ruling in the first century of the Common Era, the Han dynasty peaking in the s and the Roman Empire in the s, these empires. Rome and Han: A comparison of empires The Roman Empire is thought to be the primary foundation of Western culture and modes of government.
The Han Dynasty, on the other hand, provided the basis for culture and government in China, one of the most powerful Eastern influences.3/5(5).Download