A Political, Social, and Military History is an essential, general reference encyclopedia that should be added to all academic and public libraries. During the first half of the 20th century there were major waves of immigration of Jews back to Israel from the Arab countries and from Europe.
Hundreds of thousands of the arrestees have been jailed, some without trial administratively detainedbut most after being prosecuted in the Israeli military court system. The Arabs responded by trying to divert the headwaters of the Jordan, leading to growing conflict between Israel and Syria.
Bush delivered a speech calling for an independent Palestinian state living side by side with Israel in peace. Their attachment to the land was religious rather than national, and they were not involved in—or supportive of—the Zionist movement that began in Europe and was brought to Palestine by immigrants.
Though Egyptian forces had been defeated on all fronts, the Suez Crisisas it is sometimes known, was seen by Arabs as an Egyptian victory. Palestinians envision East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. It reaffirmed its annexation in Arab forces from EgyptTransjordan JordanIraqSyriaand Lebanon occupied the areas in southern and eastern Palestine not apportioned to the Jews by the United Nations UN partition of Palestine and then captured east Jerusalemincluding the small Jewish quarter of the Old City, in an effort to forestall the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine.
There was no such Israeli mobilization. In the war, Israel captured and occupied these areas. Political divisions and violence within the Palestinian community escalated, especially the growing rivalry between the various PLO factions and Islamist organizations Hamas and Islamic Jihad.
Dozens of people have died in detention from abuse or neglect. But little effort has been mounted to enforce international law or hold Israel accountable for violations it has engaged in since Eventually, Israeli troops withdrew from west Beirut, and the Israeli army had withdrawn entirely from Lebanon by June Among the dead were 64 Jews in Hebron.
The United States did not become directly involved with the armistice negotiations, but hoped that instability in the Middle East would not interfere with the international balance of power between the Soviet Union and the United States.
According to the UN partition plan, the area of Jerusalem and Bethlehem was to become an international zone. These displacements led to increasing tensions and violent confrontations between Jewish settlers and Arab peasant tenants. InIsrael annexed the Golan Heights, but Syria continued to claim it as territory.
This intransigence ended when Israeli representatives entered into secret negotiations with the PLO, which led to the Oslo Declaration of Principles. Palestinians in Arab states generally do not enjoy the same rights as the citizens of those states.
Israel announced a plan to remove all troops and Jewish settlements from the Gaza strip by the end of After tense early fighting, Israeli forces, now under joint command, were able to gain the offensive.
Both groups blame each other for terror attacks that kill civilians.
The development of the Jewish community under British mandate led to economic growth in the region providing job opportunities for Arab workers.
In the s, when the Jewish National Fund purchased large tracts of land from absentee Arab landowners, the Arabs living in these areas were evicted.
Oslo peace process — Main article: The conflict began as a struggle over land. Others seemed motivated by a wish to derail the Oslo process.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has supported the two-state solution but has felt pressure to change his stance. The UN partition plan divided the country so that each state would have a majority of its own population, although a few Jewish settlements would fall within the proposed Arab state while hundreds of thousands of Palestinian Arabs would become part of the proposed Jewish state.
The area between the Green Line and the barrier—about 9. A rocky plateau between Syria and modern-day Israel. Israel established a military administration to govern the Palestinian residents of the occupied West Bank and Gaza.Arab and Israeli forces clashed for the third time June 5–10,in what came to be called the Six-Day War (or June War).
In early Syria intensified its bombardment of Israeli villages from positions in.
The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict: A Political, Social, and Military History is the first comprehensive general reference encompassing all aspects of the contentious Arab-Israeli relationship from biblical times to the present, with an emphasis on the era beginning with World War I.
Britain gave up its mandate and the United Nations took over supervision. The UN suggested two states: one Arab, one Jewish. The UN suggested two states: one Arab, one Jewish. The Jews accepted; the Arabs rejected the plan. The so-called Arab Spring, which had nothing to do with the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Palestinian issue, led to the collapse of these insights.
The focus on the Palestinian issues, when the US and its allies face much greater threats, has eroded America’s deterrence, as.
The Arab–Israeli conflict refers to the political tension, military conflicts and disputes between a number of Arab countries and Israel. The roots of the Arab–Israeli conflict are attributed to the rise of Zionism and Arab nationalism towards the end of the 19th century.
Part of the dispute arises from the conflicting claims to the land. This Rothberg course examines pivotal events in the history of the Arab-Israeli conflict from the early twentieth century to the present.
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